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Reflections on several technical issues related to the implementation of Environmental Quality Standards for PFAS
April 12, 2024

Reflections on several technical issues related to the implementation of Environmental Quality Standards for PFAS

In 2022, the European Commission (EC) published a proposal for amending the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), the Groundwater Directive (2006/118/EC) and the Environmental Quality Standards Dire...
Renewable electricity demand-supply assessment for EU process industries for 2030
April 9, 2024

Renewable electricity demand-supply assessment for EU process industries for 2030

VITO/EnergyVille was commissioned to do a quantitative assessment of renewable electricity (RES-E) supply and demand projections for process and fuel manufacturing industries for 2030. The Industry El...
Proceedings of the Concawe Workshop for an Analytical Technology Exchange to meet Health & Environmental Regulatory Challenges for UVCBs
April 9, 2024

Proceedings of the Concawe Workshop for an Analytical Technology Exchange to meet Health & Environmental Regulatory Challenges for UVCBs

These proceedings are a record of the Concawe workshop held in Helsinki, Finland at the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) on the 8th November 2023. The workshop aimed to increase the understanding o...
A source apportionment and air quality planning methodology for NO2 pollution from traffic and other sources
April 8, 2024

A source apportionment and air quality planning methodology for NO2 pollution from traffic and other sources

In view of upcoming more stringent air quality limits and the ambition to align with the WHO guidelines, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution from traffic and other sources will remain a problem in the EU...
E-Fuels: A techno-economic assessment of European domestic production and imports towards 2050 – Update
March 18, 2024

E-Fuels: A techno-economic assessment of European domestic production and imports towards 2050 – Update

Report no: 4/24: Concawe and Aramco have jointly commissioned this study, aiming to conduct a techno-environmental (Part 1) and economic (Part 2) analysis of different e-fuels pathways produced in dif...
Risk assessment and success factors for mobility electrification – Why developing a robust, competitive, resilient, sustainable, and sovereign battery industry is critical to succeed in the green energy transition
March 7, 2024

Risk assessment and success factors for mobility electrification – Why developing a robust, competitive, resilient, sustainable, and sovereign battery industry is critical to succeed in the green energy transition

High-performance batteries play a crucial role in the advancement of electric mobility. They are essential for unlocking the full potential of electrification in transportation, while also presenting...
A life-cycle assessment tool for heavy-duty vehicles
March 5, 2024

A life-cycle assessment tool for heavy-duty vehicles

Report no. 03/24: This report is the supporting document to the life-cycle assessment tool for heavy- duty vehicles (HDVs) developed by IFP Energies nouvelles and commissioned by Concawe that was publ...
Effect of fuel on gasoline particulates emissions
February 21, 2024

Effect of fuel on gasoline particulates emissions

Report no. 02/24: Concawe conducted a research programme in cooperation with VTT examining the relationship between gasoline physical-chemical properties and particulate number (PN) emissions. The com...
Performance of European cross-country oil pipelines – Details of spillage incidents from 2005
February 19, 2024

Performance of European cross-country oil pipelines – Details of spillage incidents from 2005

This report has been published yearly by CONCAWE since 1971. Until 2004, the yearly report only dealt with detailed information on the spillages having occurred during the year. Every so often an over...
Influence of aviation fuel composition on the formation and lifetime of contrails – A literature review
January 24, 2024

Influence of aviation fuel composition on the formation and lifetime of contrails – A literature review

Report No. 01/24: The question of how aviation fuel composition affects the formation and lifetime of contrails is a complex one. Although the theory regarding initial contrail formation is well-found...
Atlas of ozone chemical regimes in Europe
January 16, 2024

Atlas of ozone chemical regimes in Europe

While concentrations of most air pollutants have been decreasing in Europe over the last 20 years, O3 is showing variable trends, with increasing average and decreasing peak concentrations. The comple...
A Survey on European Refineries Waste with Focus on Waste Sludges 2019-2021
December 15, 2023

A Survey on European Refineries Waste with Focus on Waste Sludges 2019-2021

Report no. 12/23: This report provides a statistical analysis of waste production by Concawe member company refineries in the years 2019, 2020 and 2021, based on survey data returned from 68 member co...
Case Studies and Analysis of Sustainable Remediation Techniques and Technologies
November 20, 2023

Case Studies and Analysis of Sustainable Remediation Techniques and Technologies

Report no. 11/23: The concept of sustainable remediation has become well established in the remediation industry and its application has spread around the world. However, there is a recognised gap in...
Hazard classification and labelling of petroleum substances in the European Economic Area – 2023
November 10, 2023

Hazard classification and labelling of petroleum substances in the European Economic Area – 2023

Report no. 9/23: This report updates Concawe’s classification and labelling recommendations Report No. 1/22 to address latest updates to Concawe dossiers and changes to CLP regulation. Further...
The impact of aviation emissions to urban air quality in Europe – Detailed airport-city analysis
November 8, 2023

The impact of aviation emissions to urban air quality in Europe – Detailed airport-city analysis

Report no. 10/23: Aviation causes emissions of NOx, SO2 and PM that have a negative impact on air quality. To investigate the extent of this impact, simulations with the chemical transport model (C...
The Concawe LNAPL Toolbox
September 5, 2023

The Concawe LNAPL Toolbox

The Concawe LNAPL Toolbox is a web-based tool that provides essential information to the LNAPL remediation community. LNAPL, or light non-aqueous phase liquids, are typically historic hydrocarbon rele...
Revising EU ambient air quality standards—the implications for compliance in Europe towards 2050
September 5, 2023

Revising EU ambient air quality standards—the implications for compliance in Europe towards 2050

This article presents the results of a modelling study carried out to examine how concentrations of key air pollutants (i.e. nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter (PM) and ozone (O3)) would vary...
Evaluation of plug-in hybrid vehicles in real-world conditions by simulation and their contribution to mitigating greenhouse gas emissions in a battery-constrained environment
September 5, 2023

Evaluation of plug-in hybrid vehicles in real-world conditions by simulation and their contribution to mitigating greenhouse gas emissions in a battery-constrained environment

Assessing the real-world energy performance and emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) is complex: it depends on their usage (trip distance, recharging behaviour), which results in diff...
Biodiversity impact assessment of future biomass provision for biofuel production
September 5, 2023

Biodiversity impact assessment of future biomass provision for biofuel production

Restoring and preserving biodiversity is widely acknowledged as crucial in the mobilisation of biofeedstocks for biofuels. Following Concawe’s joint study with Imperial College Consultants on the po...
Concawe Review 32.1
September 5, 2023

Concawe Review 32.1

As the September 2023 edition of the Concawe Review was being finalised, a number of reports discussed the decrease in the biodiversity of the planet. Because the biodiversity contained in different e...