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PetroTox version 4.0 User Manual
May 17, 2020

PetroTox version 4.0 User Manual

Report no. 7/20: PetroTox is a modelling tool implementing the Target Lipid Model (TLM) for the calculation of the aquatic toxicity of complex hydrocarbon mixtures. The model allows for the calculatio...
Is the Arrhenius-correction of biodegradation rates, as recommended through REACH guidance, fit for environmentally relevant conditions? An example from petroleum biodegradation in environmental systems
May 12, 2020

Is the Arrhenius-correction of biodegradation rates, as recommended through REACH guidance, fit for environmentally relevant conditions? An example from petroleum biodegradation in environmental systems

Biodegradation is a major determinant of chemical persistence in the environment and an important consideration for PBT and environmental risk assessments. It is influenced by several environmental fa...
Three-way catalyst performance using natural gas with two different sulphur levels
April 17, 2020

Three-way catalyst performance using natural gas with two different sulphur levels

Report no. 6/20: Stoichiometric engines running on natural gas rely on three-way catalysts to meet limits e.g. Euro 6 regarding emissions of hydrocarbons (including methane), carbon monoxide and oxide...
Real Driving Emissions from Four Euro 6 Diesel Passenger Cars
April 15, 2020

Real Driving Emissions from Four Euro 6 Diesel Passenger Cars

Report no. 5/20: In Europe, the development and implementation of new regulatory test procedures including the chassis dynamometer (CD) based World Harmonised Light Duty Test Procedure (WLTP) and the...
Air emissions from the refining sector. Analysis of E-PRTR data 2007-2017
March 23, 2020

Air emissions from the refining sector. Analysis of E-PRTR data 2007-2017

Report no. 4/20: This report is an updated version of the Concawe Report No 4/18 providing a review of the air pollutant emissions data submitted by national authorities for oil refineries in the Euro...
Aquatic toxicity of petroleum substances: Extending the validation of the biomimetic extraction (BE) method for use in hazard assessments
March 18, 2020

Aquatic toxicity of petroleum substances: Extending the validation of the biomimetic extraction (BE) method for use in hazard assessments

Report no. 3/20: Analysis of Water Accommodated Fractions (WAFs) of petroleum product samples using Biomimetic Extraction (BE) with solid phase microextraction (SPME) predicts accumulation and baselin...
Biodegradation and fate of ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) in soil and groundwater: A review
March 4, 2020

Biodegradation and fate of ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) in soil and groundwater: A review

This review summarises the current state of knowledge on the biodegradation and fate of the gasoline ether oxygenate ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) in soil and groundwater. Microorganisms have been ide...
Odour management guidance for refineries
January 21, 2020

Odour management guidance for refineries

Report no. 1/20: This document aims to help refineries, in conjunction with any existing national guidance, to develop methods to prevent odour nuisance and how to manage a complaint should an odour e...
Role of e-fuels in the European transport system – Literature review
January 16, 2020

Role of e-fuels in the European transport system – Literature review

Report no. 14/19: In December 2015, COP21 in Paris made an important step to address the risks posed by climate change and to keep the global temperature increase to “well below 2°C” and drive ef...
Influence of contaminant exposure on the development of aerobic ETBE biodegradation potential in microbial communities from a gasoline-impacted aquifer
January 3, 2020

Influence of contaminant exposure on the development of aerobic ETBE biodegradation potential in microbial communities from a gasoline-impacted aquifer

Aerobic biodegradation of ethyl tert butyl ether (ETBE) in a gasoline-impacted aquifer was investigated in laboratory microcosms containing groundwater and aquifer material from ETBE-impacted and non-...
A comparison exercise between a wind LIDAR and anemometers mounted on a 30 m mast
December 11, 2019

A comparison exercise between a wind LIDAR and anemometers mounted on a 30 m mast

Report no. 13/19: This report describes the results of a side-by-side comparison of a ZephIR wind LIDAR with anemometers mounted on a 30 m meteorological mast at an open-field site. The work was done...
A study of wind flow around a refinery
December 11, 2019

A study of wind flow around a refinery

Report no. 12/19: Assessment of diffuse emissions using remote sensing needs appropriate information on vertical profiles of wind speed and wind direction. This information has then to be combined wit...
Current issues confounding the rapid toxicological assessment of oil spills
December 9, 2019

Current issues confounding the rapid toxicological assessment of oil spills

Oil spills of varying magnitude occur every year, each presenting a unique challenge to the local ecosystem. The complex, changeable nature of oil makes standardised risk assessment difficult. Our...
Study to evaluate test methods to assess the stability and compatibility of marine fuels in view of the IMO PARPOL Annex VI Regulation 14.1.3 for 2020 Sulphur requirements
November 7, 2019

Study to evaluate test methods to assess the stability and compatibility of marine fuels in view of the IMO PARPOL Annex VI Regulation 14.1.3 for 2020 Sulphur requirements

Report no. 11/19: This report describes work sponsored and coordinated by Concawe and conducted by ISO/ TC28/ SC4/ WG6in view of the variety of fuel blend formulations expected to enter into the marke...
High-octane petrol (HOP) study: making gasoline relevant for the future of transport
October 18, 2019

High-octane petrol (HOP) study: making gasoline relevant for the future of transport

Gasoline is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons and other chemical compounds used as fuel for spark-ignition internal combustion engines (ICEs), primarily in passenger cars and other light-duty transpor...
Outlook for battery raw materials (Concawe Review 28.1)
October 18, 2019

Outlook for battery raw materials (Concawe Review 28.1)

Recognising that climate change represents an urgent threat to societies and the planet, the 2015 Paris Agreement set the goal of keeping global warming well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and...
A look into the role of e-fuels in the transport system in Europe (2030–2050) (Concawe Review 28.1)
October 18, 2019

A look into the role of e-fuels in the transport system in Europe (2030–2050) (Concawe Review 28.1)

In December 2015, Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change convened in Paris for the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21). The conference was an important step towards addres...
Concawe Review 28.1
October 18, 2019

Concawe Review 28.1

The three articles present in this edition of the Concawe Review emanate from Concawe’s Low Carbon Pathways project. The first article is a literature review summarising different perspectives on e-...
Investigating the HCBM – GCxGC relationship: an elution model to interpret GCxGC retention times of petroleum substances
October 8, 2019

Investigating the HCBM – GCxGC relationship: an elution model to interpret GCxGC retention times of petroleum substances

Report no. 10/19: Risk assessments on petroleum substances (PS) are challenging due to the fact that these complex materials contain thousands of individual chemical components having widely differing...
Ultrasensitive detection of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in coastal and harbor water using GC-APLI-MS
September 26, 2019

Ultrasensitive detection of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in coastal and harbor water using GC-APLI-MS

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are a group of ubiquitous environmental pollutants among which some compounds show carcinogenic properties. The emission of PAH from anthropogenic and natu...

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