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Dermal exposures associated with service station refuelling activities: preliminary evaluation
March 12, 2015

Dermal exposures associated with service station refuelling activities: preliminary evaluation

Report no. 14/14: This study investigates dermal exposure to petrol and diesel fuel in service station attendants responsible for the refuelling of automobiles. In phase 1 of the study, six attendants...
Towards the establishment of a protocol for the quantification of VOC diffuse emissions using open-path remote monitoring techniques: DIAL monitoring of a VOC source of known emission flux
December 8, 2014

Towards the establishment of a protocol for the quantification of VOC diffuse emissions using open-path remote monitoring techniques: DIAL monitoring of a VOC source of known emission flux

Report no. 12/14: This report provides the results of a programme of work undertaken to compare the controlled rate of release of propane from a simulated floating roof tank with the flux determined u...
The estimated forward cost of EU legislation for the EU refining industry
November 8, 2014

The estimated forward cost of EU legislation for the EU refining industry

Report no. 11/14: This Concawe report provides an estimation of the cost burden imposed on EU refineries over the period from 2010 to 2020 by a number of EU legislative and implementing acts. It is...
CONCAWE Review – Year of air 2014 (special issue)
October 23, 2014

CONCAWE Review – Year of air 2014 (special issue)

The Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution (2005) has been under review since 2011 with the first of five stakeholder meetings taking place in January 2012. The underpinning work is very complex and rel...
JEC Biofuels Study: 2014 Update
September 25, 2014

JEC Biofuels Study: 2014 Update

This report is the result of the JEC Biofuels Programme, a joint study carried out by JRC (the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission), EUCAR (the European Council for Automotive R&D) an...
CONCAWE Review – Spring 2014
September 25, 2014

CONCAWE Review – Spring 2014

As the world’s population moves towards 9 billion, societal expectation is that we find solutions to the fundamental problems of meeting increasing energy requirements whilst reducing the impact on...
Review of recent health effect studies with nitrogen dioxide
September 25, 2014

Review of recent health effect studies with nitrogen dioxide

Report no. 9/14: This report focuses on published studies that have examined the epidemiologic associations of ambient air exposures to nitrogen dioxide and the occurrence of acute and chronic health...
CBA under the microscope
August 29, 2014

CBA under the microscope

Concawe Comments on the Key Submissions Associated with 5th Stakeholder Expert Group of the Air Quality Policy Review held in Brussels, 3rd April 2013
Concentration Response Functions for Morbidity Endpoints under the Project HRAPIE
August 28, 2014

Concentration Response Functions for Morbidity Endpoints under the Project HRAPIE

A review of the concentration response functions for morbidity endpoints under the HRAPIE project was conducted.
European downstream oil industry safety performance Statistical summary of reported incidents – 2013
August 22, 2014

European downstream oil industry safety performance Statistical summary of reported incidents – 2013

Report no. 8/14: In this twentieth annual report on European downstream oil industry safety performance, 2013 statistics are presented on work-related personal injuries for the industry’s own employ...
Impact of FAME on the performance of three Euro 4 light-duty diesel vehicles – Part 2: Unregulated emissions
May 21, 2014

Impact of FAME on the performance of three Euro 4 light-duty diesel vehicles – Part 2: Unregulated emissions

Report no. 7/14: In 2009, EU legislation mandated that 10% renewable energy must be used in road transportation by 2020, primarily through the use of bio-blending components. Fordiesel fuel blending,...
Impact of FAME on the performance of three Euro 4 light-duty diesel vehicles – Part 1: Fuel consumption and regulated emissions
May 19, 2014

Impact of FAME on the performance of three Euro 4 light-duty diesel vehicles – Part 1: Fuel consumption and regulated emissions

Report no. 6/14: By 2020, EU legislation will require that 10% of the total transport fuel energy demand is met by the use of renewable energy, primarily by blending bio-components. Although many type...
Science and Policy interface: role of integrated assessment modelling (IAM) and cost-benefit analysis (CBA)
May 16, 2014

Science and Policy interface: role of integrated assessment modelling (IAM) and cost-benefit analysis (CBA)

Integrated Assessment Modelling (IAM) has been at the heart of European air quality policy development for more than two decades3. Such tools provide a useful framework for policy makers to connect th...
Ecosystem services under the microscope
May 16, 2014

Ecosystem services under the microscope

Ecosystem approaches can be defined as ’approaches to environmental management and policy making that aim to compare costs and benefits of management and policy options on the basis of an analysis o...
CBA under the microscope
May 16, 2014

CBA under the microscope

CONCAWE’s assessment of latest scientific information on valuation of benefits from aspects influencing mortality and morbidity factors reveals that proposed benefit numbers applied in recent Cost B...
Uncertainties under the microscope
May 16, 2014

Uncertainties under the microscope

This section is a summary of a paper prepared by CONCAWE as a contribution to the 4th meeting of the Stakeholder Expert Group on the EU Air Policy review. The study is based on the results of extensiv...
The future of water quality management for the refining industry
May 15, 2014

The future of water quality management for the refining industry

IntroductionIt is often assumed that the environment is deteriorating due to continuous emissions from industry and that new adverse effects can be attributed to chemical mixtures and unknown subst...
Petrochemical feedstocks: the cornerstone of competitiveness
May 15, 2014

Petrochemical feedstocks: the cornerstone of competitiveness

Future outlookThe future of much of Europe’s chemical industry depends heavily upon the availability of affordable petrochemical feedstocks. In the Middle East, where petrochemical feedstocks are...
Forward-looking perspective on oil and gas production in Europe
May 15, 2014

Forward-looking perspective on oil and gas production in Europe

In 2010 world energy demand was equivalent to about 260 million barrels of oil equivalent per day (boepd), and oil and gas represented 54% of this global demand. According to the International Ener...
Evaluating energy pathways: from well to wheels
May 15, 2014

Evaluating energy pathways: from well to wheels

Over the past decade, the JEC Research Consortium1 has been working together to better understand the complex issues associated with future vehicles and fuels. While some of this work has involved...

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