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Refinery 2050: Conceptual Assessment. Exploring opportunities and challenges for the EU refining industry to transition towards a low-CO2 intensive economy
September 20, 2019

Refinery 2050: Conceptual Assessment. Exploring opportunities and challenges for the EU refining industry to transition towards a low-CO2 intensive economy

Report no. 9/19: This report is the second in a series of publications that explore opportunities and challenges for EU refineries to integrate technologies and feedstocks that would reduce the fossil...
Joint Industry Guidance on the supply and use of 0.50%-sulphur marine fuel
August 27, 2019

Joint Industry Guidance on the supply and use of 0.50%-sulphur marine fuel

In October 2016, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) confirmed a global limit for sulphur in fuel oil used on board ships of 0.50% m/m (mass by mass) to become effective on 1 January 2020. T...
Concawe Review Special Symposium 2019
August 20, 2019

Concawe Review Special Symposium 2019

This special review includes the synopses of the presentations from the Concawe Symposium. The event, which took place in March 2019, focused on the long-term evolution of the refining industry and th...
Biodegradation testing of volatile hydrophobic chemicals in water-sediment systems – Experimental developments and challenges
August 10, 2019

Biodegradation testing of volatile hydrophobic chemicals in water-sediment systems – Experimental developments and challenges

Degradation data are crucial for the persistence assessment of chemicals and they are generated using standard OECD guidelines. The OECD 308 describes a simulation biodegradation test of chemicals i...
Q&A on Directive 2004/37/EC
August 9, 2019

Q&A on Directive 2004/37/EC

Four amendments to the Carcinogens and Mutagens Directive (CMD) of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to carcinogens or mutagens...
Phase 2: Effect of Fuel Octane on the Performance of Four Euro 5 and Euro 6 Gasoline Passenger Cars
August 6, 2019

Phase 2: Effect of Fuel Octane on the Performance of Four Euro 5 and Euro 6 Gasoline Passenger Cars

Report no. 7/19: Research Octane Number (RON) and Motor Octane Number (MON) are used to describe gasoline combustion antiknock performance under different conditions. Recent literature suggests that M...
Air pollutant emission estimation methods for E-PRTR reporting by refineries
July 31, 2019

Air pollutant emission estimation methods for E-PRTR reporting by refineries

Report no. 4/19: This report is an update of the Concawe publication “Air Pollutant Emission Estimation Methods for EPER and PRTR Reporting by Refineries”. It provides algorithms to permit emissio...
European downstream oil industry safety performance Statistical summary of reported incidents
July 25, 2019

European downstream oil industry safety performance Statistical summary of reported incidents

Report no. 6/19: The 2018 annual report on European downstream oil industry safety performance presents work-related personal injuries for the industry’s own employees and contractors and process sa...
CO2 reduction technologies. Opportunities within the EU refining system (2030/2050). Qualitative & Quantitative assessment for the production of conventional fossil fuels (Scope 1 & 2)
July 16, 2019

CO2 reduction technologies. Opportunities within the EU refining system (2030/2050). Qualitative & Quantitative assessment for the production of conventional fossil fuels (Scope 1 & 2)

Report no. 8/19: This report describes the work being conducted by Concawe with the objective to explore a range of Low Carbon Pathways with the potential to reduce the CO2 emissions associated with t...
Low Carbon Pathways Until 2050 – Deep Dive on Heavy Duty Transportation (FEV report)
July 8, 2019

Low Carbon Pathways Until 2050 – Deep Dive on Heavy Duty Transportation (FEV report)

The European Commission calls for a climate-neutral Europe by 2050, which is in-line with the goals of the Paris Agreement. One element of reaching a carbon-neutral economy is to reduce greenhouse gas...
Concawe Substance Identification Group – Analytical Program Report (Abridged Version)
July 8, 2019

Concawe Substance Identification Group – Analytical Program Report (Abridged Version)

Report no. 5/19: This report describes the work undertaken and results obtained from the Concawe 2015 Analytical Program, which involved the chemical characterisation of 189 petroleum substances from...
Life-cycle analysis—a look into the key parameters affecting life-cycle CO<sub><noscript><img decoding=
April 23, 2019

Life-cycle analysis—a look into the key parameters affecting life-cycle CO2 emissions of passenger cars (Concawe Review 27.1)

This article presents the basis of a Concawe analysis comparing the life-cycle CO2 missions of battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) and internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, and investigates the impa...
Impact Analysis of Mass EV Adoption and Low Carbon Intensity Fuels Scenarios – Summary Report
April 23, 2019

Impact Analysis of Mass EV Adoption and Low Carbon Intensity Fuels Scenarios – Summary Report

The impact of two scenarios of mass EV adoption versus significant low carbon fuel use show similar GHG emissions reductions and costs....
Effect of Diesel Fuel Properties on Fuel Economy and Emissions of Three Passenger Cars
April 8, 2019

Effect of Diesel Fuel Properties on Fuel Economy and Emissions of Three Passenger Cars

Report no. 2/19: The objective of this project was to assess the effects of varying diesel fuel properties associated with increasing FAME content on pollutant emissions and fuel consumption of light-...
A look into the maximum potential availability and demand for low-carbon feedstocks/fuels in Europe (2020–2050) (literature review) (Concawe Review 27.2)
March 30, 2019

A look into the maximum potential availability and demand for low-carbon feedstocks/fuels in Europe (2020–2050) (literature review) (Concawe Review 27.2)

In light of the EU’s ambitious targets for achieving a low-carbon economy by 2030, Concawe has completed a study of the long-term availability of low-carbon feedstocks and fuels, and the associated...
Benzene Monitoring: Technical aspects of the OEL proposal of 0.05ppm
March 22, 2019

Benzene Monitoring: Technical aspects of the OEL proposal of 0.05ppm

If the benzene OEL is lowered as recommended by RAC, the petroleum industry would need to consider: 1. Monitoring methods should target a lower OEL and therefore must be updated accordingly. 2....
Successfully limiting product theft from European oil pipelines
March 11, 2019

Successfully limiting product theft from European oil pipelines

Oil pipelines typically run over long distances across farmland and open countryside. They are therefore vulnerable to both accidental and malicious interference by third parties. For many years, ille...
Impact analysis of mass EV adoption and low-carbon intensity fuels scenarios (Review Article)
March 11, 2019

Impact analysis of mass EV adoption and low-carbon intensity fuels scenarios (Review Article)

A Concawe study examined several options for achieving a low-carbon transport system in the EU by 2050. Significantly, a mass EV adoption scenario and a low-carbon fuels scenario both achieve similar...
A look into the maximum potential availability and demand for low-carbon feedstocks/fuels in Europe (2020–2050) (literature review)
March 11, 2019

A look into the maximum potential availability and demand for low-carbon feedstocks/fuels in Europe (2020–2050) (literature review)

In light of the EU’s ambitious targets for achieving a low-carbon economy by 2030, Concawe has completed a study of the long-term availability of low-carbon feedstocks and fuels, and the associated...
Concawe Review 27.2
March 11, 2019

Concawe Review 27.2

We are very pleased to introduce the three articles in this edition of the Concawe Review. The first two emanate from Concawe’s Low Carbon Pathways programme. The first article is a literature revie...

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