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Concawe’s Transport and Fuel Outlook towards EU 2030 Climate Targets
April 19, 2021

Concawe’s Transport and Fuel Outlook towards EU 2030 Climate Targets

Report no. 2/21: This Concawe report aims at providing an outlook on the European transport sector by modelling elements such as the evolution of the different powertrains and the availability of diff...
Conventional and high resolution chemical characterization to assess refinery effluent treatment performance
March 27, 2021

Conventional and high resolution chemical characterization to assess refinery effluent treatment performance

Refinery effluents represent an emission source of hydrocarbons (HCs) and other constituents to the environment. Thus, characterisation of effluent quality in terms of concentrations of key paramete...
Concawe Review 29.2
March 4, 2021

Concawe Review 29.2

The move towards climate neutrality is clearly on its way: last year, the European Commission launched its Green Deal; and Japan, the Republic of Korea and more than 100 other countries worldwide have...
A Critical Review and Weight of Evidence Approach for Assessing the Bioaccumulation of Phenanthrene in Aquatic Environments
February 23, 2021

A Critical Review and Weight of Evidence Approach for Assessing the Bioaccumulation of Phenanthrene in Aquatic Environments

Bioaccumulation (B) assessment is challenging because there are various B-metrics from laboratory and field studies, various criteria and thresholds for classifying bioaccumulative (“B”) and non-b...
Technology scouting—carbon capture: from today’s to novel technologies (Concawe Review 29.2)
February 17, 2021

Technology scouting—carbon capture: from today’s to novel technologies (Concawe Review 29.2)

Concawe has commissioned a new study to evaluate state-of-the-art carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies, with a focus on commercial/near-term opportunities for CCS that are already in the mark...
A Clean Planet for all: an impact assessment of the potential implications for the refining system and the link with ‘Refinery 2050’ (Concawe Review 29.2)
February 17, 2021

A Clean Planet for all: an impact assessment of the potential implications for the refining system and the link with ‘Refinery 2050’ (Concawe Review 29.2)

Focusing on three of the scenarios defined in the European Commission’s long-term strategy, A Clean Planet for all, Concawe has published a report that assesses the potential reductions in CO2 emiss...
JEC Well-to-Wheels study version 5: a look into the carbon intensity of different fuel/powertrain combinations in 2030 (Concawe Review 29.2)
February 17, 2021

JEC Well-to-Wheels study version 5: a look into the carbon intensity of different fuel/powertrain combinations in 2030 (Concawe Review 29.2)

Version 5 of the JEC evaluation of well-to-wheels energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for a range of potential future fuel and powertrain options has now been completed. Full details are avail...
A critical review and weight of evidence approach for assessing the bioaccumulation of phenanthrene in aquatic environments
February 17, 2021

A critical review and weight of evidence approach for assessing the bioaccumulation of phenanthrene in aquatic environments

Bioaccumulation (B) assessment is challenging because there are various B‐metrics from laboratory and field studies, multiple criteria and thresholds for classifying bioaccumulative (B), very bioacc...
A review of the options for decarbonising maritime transport by 2050 (Concawe Review 29.2)
February 17, 2021

A review of the options for decarbonising maritime transport by 2050 (Concawe Review 29.2)

This article summarises Phase 1 of a new research project being undertaken by Concawe to investigate potential technological, operational and energy pathways to reduce emissions from the maritime tran...
Literature review on emissions of semi- and intermediate volatile organic compounds and formation of organic aerosols with focus on the refinery sector
February 12, 2021

Literature review on emissions of semi- and intermediate volatile organic compounds and formation of organic aerosols with focus on the refinery sector

Report no. 1/21: Organic aerosols (OA) are an important component of ambient particulate matter (PM) but their origin and formation is not well understood. Traditionally, OA have been described by two...
Assessing the Efficiency of a New Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI) Concept
January 7, 2021

Assessing the Efficiency of a New Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI) Concept

A practical Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI) concept is presented that works on standard European 95 RON E10 gasoline over the whole speed/load range. A spark is employed to assist the gasoline aut...
Fuel Effects on Regulated and Unregulated Emissions from Three Light-Duty Euro 5 and Euro 6 Diesel Passenger Cars
December 17, 2020

Fuel Effects on Regulated and Unregulated Emissions from Three Light-Duty Euro 5 and Euro 6 Diesel Passenger Cars

Substantial advances in European road vehicle emissions have been achieved over the past 3 decades driven by strengthening revisions in emissions legislation and enabled by advances in fuel, vehicle e...
Explicit Equations to Estimate the Flammability of Blends of Diesel Fuel, Gasoline and Ethanol
December 17, 2020

Explicit Equations to Estimate the Flammability of Blends of Diesel Fuel, Gasoline and Ethanol

Blends of gasoline, diesel fuel and ethanol (“dieseline”) have shown promise in engine studies examining low temperature combustion using compression ignition. They offer the possibility of high e...
Determination of low environmental free cyanide concentrations in freshwaters
December 17, 2020

Determination of low environmental free cyanide concentrations in freshwaters

Cyanide compounds are naturally emitted into the environment in low levels by degradation processes or emitted from anthropogenic sources. In surface water, complex cyanide compounds as well as “fre...
Assessing toxicity of hydrophobic aliphatic and monoaromatic hydrocarbons at the solubility limit using novel dosing methods
December 3, 2020

Assessing toxicity of hydrophobic aliphatic and monoaromatic hydrocarbons at the solubility limit using novel dosing methods

Reliable delineation of aquatic toxicity cut-offs for poorly soluble hydrocarbons is lacking. In this study, vapor and passive dosing methods were applied in limit tests with algae and daphnids to eva...
December 2, 2020

Assessing toxicity of hydrophobic aliphatic and monoaromatic hydrocarbons at the solubility limit using novel dosing methods

Reliable delineation of aquatic toxicity cut-offs for poorly soluble hydrocarbons is lacking. In this study, vapor and passive dosing methods were applied in limit tests with algae and daphnids to e...
Can a chemical be both readily biodegradable AND very persistent (vP)? Weight‑of‑evidence determination demonstrates that phenanthrene is not persistent in the environment
November 25, 2020

Can a chemical be both readily biodegradable AND very persistent (vP)? Weight‑of‑evidence determination demonstrates that phenanthrene is not persistent in the environment

Under the European REACH regulation, chemicals are assessed for persistence as part of weight-of-evidence determinations of persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity (PBT), as required under Annex XII...
Can a chemical be both readily biodegradable AND very persistent (vP)? Weight-of-evidence determination demonstrates that phenanthrene is not persistent in the environment
November 10, 2020

Can a chemical be both readily biodegradable AND very persistent (vP)? Weight-of-evidence determination demonstrates that phenanthrene is not persistent in the environment

Under the European REACH regulation, chemicals are assessed for persistence as part of weight-of-evidence determinations of persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity (PBT), as required under Annex XII...
Results of a comparative pilot field test study of a first generation Quantitative Optical Gas Imaging (QOGI) system
October 28, 2020

Results of a comparative pilot field test study of a first generation Quantitative Optical Gas Imaging (QOGI) system

Report no. 23/20: Quantitative optical gas imaging (QOGI) is a new system to detect fugitive emission sources and quantify their mass release rates. This report presents an evaluation of QOGI technolo...
Producing low sulphur marine fuels in Europe – 2020-2025 vision
October 20, 2020

Producing low sulphur marine fuels in Europe – 2020-2025 vision

Report no. 21/20: The global Sulphur cap entered into force from the 1st of January 2020, and it is seen by the refinery sector as an unprecedented step evolution for a key specification of one of the...

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