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PetroRisk version 8.01 – User Manual
July 22, 2022

PetroRisk version 8.01 – User Manual

Report no. 14/22: This report provides a detailed description of version 8.01 of Concawe’s PetroRisk model: (1) conceptual design, (2) main improvements compared to previous versions, (3) KNIME, the...
Concawe Review 31.1
July 15, 2022

Concawe Review 31.1

Evaluation of pathways to decarbonise transport, simulations of the impact of our products on air quality, evaluation of the safety of our industrial and supply activities: the articles in this editi...
Fuel effects on modern diesel passenger car and commercial vehicle emissions (Concawe Review 31.1)
July 15, 2022

Fuel effects on modern diesel passenger car and commercial vehicle emissions (Concawe Review 31.1)

As both vehicle technology and emissions legislation continue to evolve, Concawe has conducted studies to examine the multidimensional effects that fuels can have on greenhouse gases (GHGs) and pollut...
Fifty years of European oil pipeline safety and environmental performance statistics (Concawe Review 31.1)
July 15, 2022

Fifty years of European oil pipeline safety and environmental performance statistics (Concawe Review 31.1)

At the beginning of the 1970s, Concawe, then a young organisation less than ten years old, launched a new activity aimed at recording loss-of-containment incidents affecting European cross-country oil...
How additional actions in the road transport sector could improve air quality in Europe — an extension of the Concawe urban air quality studies (Concawe Review 31.1)
July 15, 2022

How additional actions in the road transport sector could improve air quality in Europe — an extension of the Concawe urban air quality studies (Concawe Review 31.1)

This article presents results from a modelling study carried out to examine how concentrations of the major urban pollutants (i.e. nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter (PM) and ozone (O₃)) wou...
Technological, operational and energy pathways for maritime transport to reduce emissions towards 2050 (Concawe Review 31.1)
July 15, 2022

Technological, operational and energy pathways for maritime transport to reduce emissions towards 2050 (Concawe Review 31.1)

This article provides a summary of a ‘deep dive’ study into the future development of emissions from international maritime transport. The study is part of Concawe’s Low Carbon Pathways project,...
A review of toxicity testing conducted on European refinery effluents in 2010, 2013, 2016, and 2019
July 15, 2022

A review of toxicity testing conducted on European refinery effluents in 2010, 2013, 2016, and 2019

Report no. 13/22: This report provides an assessment of the extent to which toxicity testing is carried on European refinery effluents, and the types of tests being used. The analysis is based on resp...
Qualitative and Quantitative comparison of field-based analytical technologies for petroleum hydrocarbons determination in soils
July 11, 2022

Qualitative and Quantitative comparison of field-based analytical technologies for petroleum hydrocarbons determination in soils

Report no. 12/22: The performance of seven field-based technologies including 3 portable solvent-based technologies and 4 handheld solvent free technologies were evaluated for petroleum hydrocarbons d...
Effects based methods (EBMs) in combination with passive sampling of refinery streams
July 8, 2022

Effects based methods (EBMs) in combination with passive sampling of refinery streams

Report no. 11/22: This report provides an overview of spot and passive sampling data of three refinery effluents after treatment that were collected for chemical and ecotoxicological effluent assessme...
Guidance on the compilation of Safety Data Sheets for Petroleum Products
June 29, 2022

Guidance on the compilation of Safety Data Sheets for Petroleum Products

Report no. 9/22: This Guidance addresses the specific Concawe recommendations for authoring of (extended) Safety Data Sheets for Unknown or Variable composition, Complex reaction products or of Biolog...
Evaluation of plug-in hybrid vehicles in real-world conditions
June 20, 2022

Evaluation of plug-in hybrid vehicles in real-world conditions

Report no. 10/22: Assessing the real-world energetic performance and emissions of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles (PHEVs) is complex. First, because of the complexity of the powertrain itself, pairing thermal...
Comparison of PAC and MOAH for understanding the carcinogenic and developmental toxicity potential of mineral oils
June 8, 2022

Comparison of PAC and MOAH for understanding the carcinogenic and developmental toxicity potential of mineral oils

The carcinogenicity and developmental toxicity of unrefined mineral oil is related to its 3–7 ring polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) content. Therefore, refining operations focus on the targeted r...
Biodiversity Impact Assessment of future biomass provision for biofuel production – Phase 1
June 2, 2022

Biodiversity Impact Assessment of future biomass provision for biofuel production – Phase 1

This study aims to determine environmental impacts on biodiversity due to biomass production for bioenergy use. For this purpose the Biodiversity Impact Assessment (B.I.A.) method presented by Lindner...
Petroleum refinery effluent contribution to chemical mixture toxic pressure in the environment
May 16, 2022

Petroleum refinery effluent contribution to chemical mixture toxic pressure in the environment

Report no. 7/22: Petroleum refinery effluents (PRE) are wastewaters from industries associated with oil refining. Within EU, PREs are regulated through local discharge permits and receive significant...
User Manual for Concawe LNAPL Toolbox
April 21, 2022

User Manual for Concawe LNAPL Toolbox

Report no. 5/22: LNAPL stands for “Light Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids” or hydrocarbons that exist as a separate undissolved phase in the subsurface at some sites with legacy releases of fuels. They a...
Performance of European cross-country oil pipelines – Statistical summary of reported spillages in 2020 and since 1971
April 19, 2022

Performance of European cross-country oil pipelines – Statistical summary of reported spillages in 2020 and since 1971

Report no. 6/22: Concawe has collected 50 years of spillage data on European cross-country oil pipelines. At nearly 36,000 km the current inventory includes the majority of such pipelines in Europe, t...
Definition Guidelines of Water Reuse, Recycling and Reclamation for European Refinery Sector
March 11, 2022

Definition Guidelines of Water Reuse, Recycling and Reclamation for European Refinery Sector

Report no. 4/22: The current Best Available Techniques (BAT) Reference document (BREF) for the mineral oil refining sector (REF BREF) contains requirements such as reducing water consumption by water...
Impacts of low carbon technologies on environmental parameters: air/water/waste
March 3, 2022

Impacts of low carbon technologies on environmental parameters: air/water/waste

Report no. 3/22: Concawe’s Low Carbon Pathways (LCP) programme aims to identify opportunities and challenges for different low-carbon technologies and feedstocks to achieve a significant reduction o...
Literature review of Particulate Matter (PM) from transport with a special focus on organic aerosols
February 23, 2022

Literature review of Particulate Matter (PM) from transport with a special focus on organic aerosols

Report no. 2/22: Several recent scientific studies on urban air quality have suggested that air quality modelling based on current emission inventories for mobile sources systematically underestimates...

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