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A comparison of real driving emissions from Euro 6 diesel passenger cars with zero emission vehicles and their impact on urban air quality compliance – Urban air quality study: extension I
April 24, 2018

A comparison of real driving emissions from Euro 6 diesel passenger cars with zero emission vehicles and their impact on urban air quality compliance – Urban air quality study: extension I

Report no. 8/18: This report describes an extension to the Urban Air Quality Study commissioned by Concawe that explored how urban air quality is affected by emissions from road transport and domestic...
European Air Quality Trends for NO2 and PM
April 20, 2018

European Air Quality Trends for NO2 and PM

Background to European Air Quality Trends for NO2 and PM Air quality is a complex issue as it is influenced by a variety of factors. The term air quality refers to the degree to which the air in a par...
The Low Carbon Pathways Project. A holistic framework to explore the role of liquid fuels in future EU low-emission mobility (2050) – Working Plan
April 17, 2018

The Low Carbon Pathways Project. A holistic framework to explore the role of liquid fuels in future EU low-emission mobility (2050) – Working Plan

This working plan is the first publication in a series planned to assess the technology developments across different transport sectors that will contribute to the EU decarbonisation goals and defines...
Expectations for Actual Euro 6 Vehicle Emissions
April 3, 2018

Expectations for Actual Euro 6 Vehicle Emissions

Report Objectives: To summarise the steps in Euro 6 legislation; To show the expected actual tailpipe emissions under Euro 6, focusing on NOx emissions from diesel passenger cars; To provid...
Sulphur dioxide emissions from oil refineries in Europe (2015)
March 27, 2018

Sulphur dioxide emissions from oil refineries in Europe (2015)

Report no. 5/18: This report describes the results of the 2015 survey into the sulphur pathways in European refineries. This includes the distribution of sulphur in products, the capture and recovery...
The low-dose benzene debate needs a sharp blade
March 12, 2018

The low-dose benzene debate needs a sharp blade

The health effects of benzene have been a major concern for regulators and health experts for many years. This has led to significantly lower regulatory threshold limits (such as occupational exposure...
The EU refining industry and the challenge of the IMO global sulphur limit for bunker fuels
March 12, 2018

The EU refining industry and the challenge of the IMO global sulphur limit for bunker fuels

As refineries face the prospect of a 0.5% m/m global sulphur limit in marine fuel oil by 2020, a number of studies have been carried out to assess the challenges they will face in meeting the demand f...
New Concawe web-based water use/effluent quality survey
March 12, 2018

New Concawe web-based water use/effluent quality survey

A new survey aims to address EU initiatives on the sustainable use of water resources. In recent years the development and implementation of EU legislation, including the Water Framework Directive, th...
Concawe Safety Management Group: strategy review
March 12, 2018

Concawe Safety Management Group: strategy review

Improvement in European downstream oil refining industry safety performance is evident over the years since the first Concawe safety report in 1993. However, the Safety Management Group (SMG) recognis...
Recent studies on real driving emissions of diesel passenger cars
March 12, 2018

Recent studies on real driving emissions of diesel passenger cars

Real driving emissions (RDE) from passenger cars has come under close scrutiny in recent times due to a perceived divergence between stated certification and measured on-road performance. This has bee...
Addendum to “Gasoline ether oxygenate occurrence in Europe, and a review of their fate and transport characteristics in the environment”
February 27, 2018

Addendum to “Gasoline ether oxygenate occurrence in Europe, and a review of their fate and transport characteristics in the environment”

Report no. 3/18: Ether oxygenates are added to certain gasoline (petrol) formulations to improve combustion efficiency and to increase the octane rating. In 2012 Concawe published the findings of rese...
A review of toxicity testing conducted on European refinery effluents in 2010 and 2013
February 27, 2018

A review of toxicity testing conducted on European refinery effluents in 2010 and 2013

Report no. 2/18: This report provides an initial assessment of the extent to which toxicity testing is carried on European refinery effluents, and the types of test being used. The analysis is based o...
Air emissions from the refining sector. Analysis of E-PRTR data 2007-2014
February 21, 2018

Air emissions from the refining sector. Analysis of E-PRTR data 2007-2014

Report no. 4/18: This report is an updated version of the Concawe Report No 2/15 providing a review of the air pollutant emissions data submitted by national authorities for oil refineries in the Euro...
Environmental Impacts of Marine SO2 Emissions
February 6, 2018

Environmental Impacts of Marine SO2 Emissions

Report no. 1/18: This report details work that was carried out to study the impact of emissions from international shipping on air quality, with a focus on sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions. Emission in...
Determining biodegradation kinetics of hydrocarbons at low concentrations: Covering 5 and 9 orders of magnitude of K ow and K aw
January 29, 2018

Determining biodegradation kinetics of hydrocarbons at low concentrations: Covering 5 and 9 orders of magnitude of K ow and K aw

A partitioning-based experimental platform was developed and applied to determine primary biodegradation kinetics of 53 hydrocarbons at ng/L to μg/L concentrations covering C8−C20, 11 estructural c...
Concawe Review 26.2
January 23, 2018

Concawe Review 26.2

Three of the five articles in this edition of the Review once again illustrate the prescience of the founders of an Association working on the ‘Conservation of Clean Air and Water in Europe’ back...
Concawe Market Fuels Survey: 2015 – 2016
November 30, 2017

Concawe Market Fuels Survey: 2015 – 2016

Report no. 10/17: Concawe conducted a market fuel survey on petrol and diesel qualities, taking samples from seventeen European countries during mid-2015 – early 2016. A total of 244 samples (100 pe...
2013 survey of waste production and management at European refiners
November 24, 2017

2013 survey of waste production and management at European refiners

Report no. 12/17: This report provides a statistical analysis of waste production by Concawe member company refineries in 2013, based on survey data returned from 74 member company refineries (71% res...
Transcription of Concawe chemical safety assessments into Chesar: summary of a pilot project & current status
November 23, 2017

Transcription of Concawe chemical safety assessments into Chesar: summary of a pilot project & current status

Report no. 11/17: A pilot study was conducted to assess the suitability of transcribing the Concawe CSAs into Chesar version 2.2. The aim was to identify areas that could affect the effective use of t...
Using forest carbon credits to offset emissions in the downstream business
September 26, 2017

Using forest carbon credits to offset emissions in the downstream business

Report no. 9/17: This report examines if and how forest carbon credits can potentially be used to offset emissions from the EU refining and road transport sectors. Forest carbon projects involve eithe...

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