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Understanding the process of setting air quality limit values and the associated compliance challenge—the ozone study (Concawe Review 30.1)
June 25, 2021

Understanding the process of setting air quality limit values and the associated compliance challenge—the ozone study (Concawe Review 30.1)

The European Commission is proposing to revise air quality standards to align them more closely with the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. This article focuses on O₃, and assesses how...
Concawe Review 30.1
June 24, 2021

Concawe Review 30.1

The European Green Deal tackles all aspects of our industry, and it is no surprise that all of the articles in this edition of the Concawe Review are related to it. In light of the zero pollution act...
Performance of water treatment systems for PFAS removal
June 10, 2021

Performance of water treatment systems for PFAS removal

Report no. 5/21: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a group of widely used man-made organic chemical substances. They contain alkyl groups on which all or many of the hydrogen atoms have b...
Improving our understanding of the environmental persistence of chemicals
May 28, 2021

Improving our understanding of the environmental persistence of chemicals

Significant progress has been made in the scientific understanding of factors that influence the outcome of biodegradation tests used to assess the persistence (P) of chemicals. This needs to be evalu...
Additional worker inhalation exposure measurements of heavy fuel oil emissions during barge/truck loading
May 25, 2021

Additional worker inhalation exposure measurements of heavy fuel oil emissions during barge/truck loading

Report no. 2/20: The report details the outcome of a follow-up project of a study initiated by Concawe in 2013, investigating the occupational exposure to emissions from hot Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) (inha...
ERTRAC Carbon-neutral Road Transport 2050 – a technical study from a well-to-wheels perspective
April 29, 2021

ERTRAC Carbon-neutral Road Transport 2050 – a technical study from a well-to-wheels perspective

The ERTRAC Carbon neutrality Study 2050 (WTW) analyses different “extreme” scenarios and compares effects. It does not aim at giving a projection or at describing the way to achieve a carbon neutr...
Overview of Field-Based Analytical Techniques, Devices and Kits to Determine Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soil
April 28, 2021

Overview of Field-Based Analytical Techniques, Devices and Kits to Determine Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soil

Report no. 3/21: Determination of petroleum hydrocarbons in soil has long been an area of active investigation and still attracting interest as there are important and complex environmental contaminan...
The shape of low-concentration dose–response functions for benzene: implications for human health risk assessment
April 19, 2021

The shape of low-concentration dose–response functions for benzene: implications for human health risk assessment

Are dose–response relationships for benzene and health effects such as myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) supra-linear, with disproportionately high risks at low concent...
Concawe’s Transport and Fuel Outlook towards EU 2030 Climate Targets
April 19, 2021

Concawe’s Transport and Fuel Outlook towards EU 2030 Climate Targets

Report no. 2/21: This Concawe report aims at providing an outlook on the European transport sector by modelling elements such as the evolution of the different powertrains and the availability of diff...
Conventional and high resolution chemical characterization to assess refinery effluent treatment performance
March 27, 2021

Conventional and high resolution chemical characterization to assess refinery effluent treatment performance

Refinery effluents represent an emission source of hydrocarbons (HCs) and other constituents to the environment. Thus, characterisation of effluent quality in terms of concentrations of key paramete...
Concawe Review 29.2
March 4, 2021

Concawe Review 29.2

The move towards climate neutrality is clearly on its way: last year, the European Commission launched its Green Deal; and Japan, the Republic of Korea and more than 100 other countries worldwide have...
A Critical Review and Weight of Evidence Approach for Assessing the Bioaccumulation of Phenanthrene in Aquatic Environments
February 23, 2021

A Critical Review and Weight of Evidence Approach for Assessing the Bioaccumulation of Phenanthrene in Aquatic Environments

Bioaccumulation (B) assessment is challenging because there are various B-metrics from laboratory and field studies, various criteria and thresholds for classifying bioaccumulative (“B”) and non-b...
Technology scouting—carbon capture: from today’s to novel technologies (Concawe Review 29.2)
February 17, 2021

Technology scouting—carbon capture: from today’s to novel technologies (Concawe Review 29.2)

Concawe has commissioned a new study to evaluate state-of-the-art carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies, with a focus on commercial/near-term opportunities for CCS that are already in the mark...
A Clean Planet for all: an impact assessment of the potential implications for the refining system and the link with ‘Refinery 2050’ (Concawe Review 29.2)
February 17, 2021

A Clean Planet for all: an impact assessment of the potential implications for the refining system and the link with ‘Refinery 2050’ (Concawe Review 29.2)

Focusing on three of the scenarios defined in the European Commission’s long-term strategy, A Clean Planet for all, Concawe has published a report that assesses the potential reductions in CO2 emiss...
JEC Well-to-Wheels study version 5: a look into the carbon intensity of different fuel/powertrain combinations in 2030 (Concawe Review 29.2)
February 17, 2021

JEC Well-to-Wheels study version 5: a look into the carbon intensity of different fuel/powertrain combinations in 2030 (Concawe Review 29.2)

Version 5 of the JEC evaluation of well-to-wheels energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for a range of potential future fuel and powertrain options has now been completed. Full details are avail...
A review of the options for decarbonising maritime transport by 2050 (Concawe Review 29.2)
February 17, 2021

A review of the options for decarbonising maritime transport by 2050 (Concawe Review 29.2)

This article summarises Phase 1 of a new research project being undertaken by Concawe to investigate potential technological, operational and energy pathways to reduce emissions from the maritime tran...
Literature review on emissions of semi- and intermediate volatile organic compounds and formation of organic aerosols with focus on the refinery sector
February 12, 2021

Literature review on emissions of semi- and intermediate volatile organic compounds and formation of organic aerosols with focus on the refinery sector

Report no. 1/21: Organic aerosols (OA) are an important component of ambient particulate matter (PM) but their origin and formation is not well understood. Traditionally, OA have been described by two...
Assessing the Efficiency of a New Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI) Concept
January 7, 2021

Assessing the Efficiency of a New Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI) Concept

A practical Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI) concept is presented that works on standard European 95 RON E10 gasoline over the whole speed/load range. A spark is employed to assist the gasoline aut...
Fuel Effects on Regulated and Unregulated Emissions from Three Light-Duty Euro 5 and Euro 6 Diesel Passenger Cars
December 17, 2020

Fuel Effects on Regulated and Unregulated Emissions from Three Light-Duty Euro 5 and Euro 6 Diesel Passenger Cars

Substantial advances in European road vehicle emissions have been achieved over the past 3 decades driven by strengthening revisions in emissions legislation and enabled by advances in fuel, vehicle e...
Explicit Equations to Estimate the Flammability of Blends of Diesel Fuel, Gasoline and Ethanol
December 17, 2020

Explicit Equations to Estimate the Flammability of Blends of Diesel Fuel, Gasoline and Ethanol

Blends of gasoline, diesel fuel and ethanol (“dieseline”) have shown promise in engine studies examining low temperature combustion using compression ignition. They offer the possibility of high e...

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