Impacts of low carbon technologies on environmental parameters: air/water/waste
Concawe’s Low Carbon Pathways (LCP) programme aims to identify opportunities and challenges for different low-carbon technologies and feedstocks to achieve a significant reduction of the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions associated with both the manufacturing and use of refined products in Europe in the medium (2030) and longer-term (2050). The low carbon technologies/feedstocks explored under the LCP work identified significant positive effects on reducing CO2 emissions associated with the refining system by 2050. However, the associated effects on other environmental parameters, such as air quality, water quality, water usage and waste, are not yet well defined.
This report provides a summary of the findings of an industry consultation and literature review carried out on four LCPs explored previously by Concawe [Concawe 2019a, 2019b]. It presents information on the likely environmental emissions and demands relating to air, water, and waste (other than CO2) associated with the four LCP, and identifies where gaps exist.