Articles

A review of REACH registration for petroleum substances in 2016

07 Feb 2017

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Cat-app: category approaches and ‘read-across’ in regulatory programmes

07 Feb 2017

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Downstream oil industry safety statistics for 2015

07 Feb 2017

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Optical gas imaging: from qualitative to quantitative

07 Feb 2017

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Downstream oil industry safety statistics for 2013

Downstream oil industry safety statistics for 2013

08 May 2015

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Abating fugitive VOC emissions more efficiently

Comparing best available techniques for detecting refinery fugitive emissions

12 Mar 2015

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Spark versus compression ignition in a new energy environment

Dieselisation of the fuel market is accelerating as commercial transport increases and as the fuel consumption of new passenger cars decreases.

12 Mar 2015

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CBA under the microscope

Concawe Comments on the Key Submissions Associated with 5th Stakeholder Expert Group of the Air Quality Policy Review held in Brussels, 3rd April 2013

29 Aug 2014

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Concentration Response Functions for Morbidity Endpoints under the Project HRAPIE

A review of the concentration response functions for morbidity endpoints under the HRAPIE project was conducted.

28 Aug 2014

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CBA under the microscope

16 May 2014

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Ecosystem services under the microscope

16 May 2014

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Science and Policy interface: role of integrated assessment modelling (IAM) and cost-benefit analysis (CBA)

16 May 2014

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Uncertainties under the microscope

16 May 2014

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Air quality and health: looking ahead

15 May 2014

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Developments in EU refining: looking ahead to 2020 and beyond

15 May 2014

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Evaluating energy pathways: from well to wheels

15 May 2014

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Forward-looking perspective on oil and gas production in Europe

15 May 2014

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Petrochemical feedstocks: the cornerstone of competitiveness

15 May 2014

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Petroleum products and REACH: looking ahead

15 May 2014

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Renewable fuels: looking ahead to 2020

15 May 2014

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The future of water quality management for the refining industry

15 May 2014

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Transportation and fuels: looking ahead at aviation

15 May 2014

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Transportation and fuels: looking ahead at heavy-duty vehicles

15 May 2014

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Transportation and fuels: looking ahead at the future of marine fuels

15 May 2014

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Well-to-Wheels analysis of future automotive fuels and powertrains in the European context

A joint study by EUCAR / JRC / CONCAWE – Summary of ResultsHeinz Hass, FORDJean-François Larivé, CONCAWEVincent Mahieu, JRC/IES

15 May 2014

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European cross-country oil pipelines

01 Feb 2013

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Fifty years of air quality conservation

As important today as it was 50 years ago

01 Feb 2013

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Fifty years of fuel quality and vehicle emissions

01 Feb 2013

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Formation of ‘Stichting CONCAWE’ in 1963

01 Feb 2013

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Health research over 50 years

01 Feb 2013

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Providing information and guidance on water and soil management

01 Feb 2013

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Supporting the oil industry’s commitment to safe operations

Understanding the causes of incidents is essential for improved safety management

01 Feb 2013

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The evolution of oil refining in Europe

01 Feb 2013

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A new ‘pooled’ analysis of benzene effects on human health

01 Dec 2012

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Benchmarking CO2 emissions from European refineries

01 Dec 2012

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Evaluating the Value of a Life Year (VOLY)

Air quality policies depend on realistic values for both societal costs and societal benefits.

01 Dec 2012

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Interview with CONCAWE’s first Research Associate

Lucia Gonzalez Bajos talks about her experience as CONCAWE’s first Research Associate.

01 Dec 2012

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CONCAWE’s market fuel survey: assessing progress in biofuel blending

07 Aug 2012

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Europe’s oil pipelines: 40 years of results

07 Aug 2012

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Petroleum products: looking back over the past 50 years

07 Aug 2012

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REACH: petroleum industry support to registration and compliance

07 Aug 2012

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Reducing the concentration of fine particulates in ambient air

Three factors are discussed that should be considered for a robust air quality policy.

07 Aug 2012

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Refinery energy systems and efficiency

07 Aug 2012

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Downstream oil industry safety statistics for 2010

The 2010 safety statistics report analyses personal injury and process safety statistics.

01 Nov 2011

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The potential for CO2 capture and storage in EU refineries

01 Nov 2011

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Using biological methods to assess and monitor refinery effluents

01 Nov 2011

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EN 16214: A new European standard for sustainable biofuels

01 Oct 2011

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Gasoline volatility and vehicle performance

01 Oct 2011

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Downstream oil industry safety statistics

The 2009 safety statistics report focuses on personal injuries and process safety incidents for the European refining industry.

01 May 2011

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Interview with CONCAWE’s Technical Coordinator for Health Sciences

01 May 2011

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Microbes in the system

01 May 2011

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The JEC Biofuels Study

Increasing renewable energy in transport

01 May 2011

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The JEC Well-to-Wheels Study

01 May 2011

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Understanding the volatility of ethanol/gasoline blends

01 May 2011

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Disposing of used lubricating oils

The disposal of used lubricating oils is regulated in the EU by the Waste Oil Directive1 (as well as other waste directives). 

01 Oct 2010

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CONCAWE’S role in REACH registration

The ‘end of the beginning’ of the REACH registration process

01 May 2010

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COPEX 2010

The four-yearly gathering of the EU’s oil pipeline experts

01 May 2010

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European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR)

Capturing and reporting industrial pollutant emissions data

01 May 2010

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Fuels for advanced combustion engines

Better performance by engine and fuel working together

01 May 2010

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The impact of biodiesel on vehicle performance

Evaluating fuel consumption and emissions in modern diesel vehicles

01 May 2010

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CONCAWE sulphur survey

Tracking the fate of sulphur through the refining process

01 Nov 2009

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CONCAWE sulphur survey

Tracking the fate of sulphur through the refining process

01 Nov 2009

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Downstream oil industry safety statistics

2007 and 2008 reports have been published

01 Nov 2009

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New refinery effluent survey

Additional data requirement under the REACH risk assessments

01 Nov 2009

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Benchmarking of refinery CO2 emissions

The CWT methodology provides a way forward

01 Oct 2009

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Best Available Techniques (BAT) for the mineral oil and gas refineries

Revision of the refinery BAT reference document is now under way

01 May 2009

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Impact of marine fuels quality legislation on EU refineries at the 2020 horizon

Momentous changes are afoot in the marine fuels world

01 May 2009

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Substance Information Exchange Fora (SIEFs) for petroleum substances

Collaboration amongst REACH registrants has commenced

01 May 2009

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The footprint of petroleum fuels

How much energy and GHG emissions are associated with fossil fuels?

01 May 2009

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Downstream oil industry safety statistics

2006 Report

01 Nov 2008

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Performance of European cross-country oil pipelines

Statistical summary of reported spillages in 2006 and since 1971

01 Nov 2008

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Reducing the sulphur content of marine fuels

Could the cure be worse than the disease?

01 Nov 2008

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Advanced combustion engines for low emissions and high efficiency

CONCAWE test programme on HCCI combustion technologies

01 Oct 2008

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Particle emissions from modern vehicles

Vehicle and fuel effects on particulate mass and ultra-fine particles

01 Oct 2008

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Advanced combustion engines for low emissions and high efficiency

CONCAWE literature review on HCCI combustion technologies

01 May 2008

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CO2 emissions from EU refineries

History, trends and mitigating options

01 May 2008

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Cost-benefit analysis and air quality policy

Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is an important tool for estimating societal costs and benefits.

01 May 2008

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Cost-benefit analysis for air quality policies

An update and an IPPC Directive case study

01 May 2008

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Mandatory collaboration of all registrants under REACH

CONCAWE has established early contacts with potential SIEF members

01 May 2008

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The Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive

The justification for its proposed revision is further challenged by the findings of the Euro-Delta Project

01 May 2008

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The compliance challenge from measuring PM10 concentrations

Correction factors can make all the difference

01 Nov 2007

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The European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register

A publicly available display of industrial emissions

01 Nov 2007

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The future composition of the EU road fuel pool

The potential impact of climate legislation

01 Nov 2007

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Assessing the environmental sensitivity of petrol filling station locations across Europe

The need for a risk-based approach to implementing the Groundwater Directive

01 Oct 2007

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Human biomonitoring

A sophisticated technique which requires an equally sophisticated interpretation framework

01 May 2007

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New ship emissions inventory for the Mediterranean Sea

Recent study sheds new light on earlier work

01 May 2007

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Switching world shipping to marine diesel?

A wholesale shift to distillate fuel would have a momentous impact on the refining sector and fuel markets worldwide

01 May 2007

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The authorisation of substances under REACH

What is the process?

01 May 2007

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Water Environmental Quality Standards

Requirements must fit the objectives

01 May 2007

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Evaluation of health impacts in an environmental cost benefit analysis

The challenge of allocating a monetary value to changes in human health due to air pollution

01 Nov 2006

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French service station study of ambient benzene levels (2005)

New data demonstrate that benzene levels in air around service stations continue to fall

01 Nov 2006

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How can EU refineries cope with future transport fuels demand?

The importance of the relative development of the gasoline and diesel fuel markets

01 Nov 2006

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Pipeline integrity

Focus on pipeline ageing and third-party interference

01 Nov 2006

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The Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution— under the microscope

Analysing the implications of the Commission’s ambitious air pollution targets

01 Nov 2006

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PETROTOX—CONCAWE’s ecotoxicity predictor for petroleum products

A user-friendly tool to assess aquatic toxicity hazard of complex petroleum and related substances

01 Oct 2006

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COPEX 2006

The oil pipeline community met in Brussels

01 May 2006

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Evaporative emissions and ethanol blends

Another technical contribution from the JRC/EUCAR/CONCAWE consortium

01 May 2006

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From science to advocacy

The CAFE experience

01 May 2006

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Groundwater and the groundwater daughter directive

Key features and potential impact on the downstream petroleum industry

01 May 2006

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Reducing the sulphur content of residual marine fuels

What will be the consequences for refiners and for market prices?

01 May 2006

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Registration of petroleum substances under REACH

How CONCAWE can support its Members in the registration process

01 May 2006

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The case for Gothenburg

The benefit of including all ‘Gothenburg Protocol’ countries in the scope of the National Emission Ceilings Directive Review

01 May 2006

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EU-wide BAT—an expensive suit that doesn’t fit everybody!

What light does the CAFE programme shed on the concept of a common EU-wide BAT in the context of the IPPC Directive?

01 Nov 2005

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Impacts of air pollutant caps on climate

Could policies designed to address air pollution impact climate?

01 Nov 2005

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Occupational risks to hearing reviewed

A review of CONCAWE’s work programme and the European Directives on noise at work

01 Nov 2005

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PAH content of diesel fuels

How EU refineries would be affected by a reduction of the current limit

01 Oct 2005

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Road fuels desulphurisation

How EU refineries are affected by the gradual move to a 10 ppm sulphur limit

01 Oct 2005

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The potential of biofuels for energy and GHG savings in road transport

Updated data from the joint European Well-to-Wheels study

01 Oct 2005

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The potential of biofuels for energy and GHG savings in road transport

Updated data from the joint European Well-to-Wheels study

01 Oct 2005

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Updated CONCAWE guidance for classification and labelling of petroleum substances

Impacts on petroleum substances containing benzene, 1,3-butadiene or toluene

01 Oct 2005

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A European framework for water quality

Key features and potential impacts on the downstream oil industry

01 May 2005

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Automotive PAH emissions

Effectively reduced with advancing emissions controls

01 May 2005

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ERTRAC—European Road Transport Research Advisory Council

A unique opportunity to improve the effectiveness of research on road transport in Europe

01 May 2005

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European cross-country pipelines

Performance report for 2003

01 May 2005

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Cost Benefit Analysis

Some basic concepts and issues

01 Nov 2004

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Downstream oil industry safety statistics

2003 report

01 Nov 2004

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Monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions from oil refineries

Guidance for member companies

01 Nov 2004

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The City Delta project

Assessing urban air pollutant effects

01 Nov 2004

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The cost-effectiveness of NOx abatement in European refineries

Checking the consistency of data

01 Nov 2004

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Chemicals control legislation

What are the implications of the REACH proposal for the downstream oil industry?

01 Oct 2004

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Emissions regulations and fuel specifications

Maintaining awareness of worldwide developments

01 Oct 2004

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Understanding gasoline volatility and ethanol effects

Joint programmes on driveability and evaporative emissions

01 Oct 2004

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Advanced Conventional Fuels and Vehicles

Neville Thompson, CONCAWETechnical Coordinator Fuels quality and Emissions

15 May 2004

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Advanced vehicles and fuels

Some recent emissions results

01 Apr 2004

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Joint European Well-to-Wheels study

An analysis of future automotive fuels and powertrains in the European context

01 Apr 2004

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Safety

A constant challenge

01 Apr 2004

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Whole Effluent Assessment (WEA)

A new approach to assessment and control of water quality

01 Apr 2004

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Air quality

CONCAWE’s contribution to an area of continued legislative focus

01 Oct 2003

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Fuel quality and emissions

Rising to the challenges of increasingly demanding fuel specifications

01 Oct 2003

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Health

Understanding the health concerns behind environmental regulatory initiatives

01 Oct 2003

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Oil pipelines

Monitoring the performance of European cross-country oil pipelines

01 Oct 2003

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Petroleum products

From Classification and Labelling to Risk Assessments

01 Oct 2003

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Safety

Supporting the oil industry’s commitment to safe operation

01 Oct 2003

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Water and waste

Providing guidance to the industry on water and waste management

01 Oct 2003

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Emissions from modern gasoline vehicles

A problem essentially solved?

01 Apr 2003

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Establishing Air Quality Limit Values

A key element of the CAFE programme

01 Apr 2003

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EUCAR/JRC/CONCAWE well-to-wheels study

Interim results contribute to the Commission’s work on alternative fuels

01 Apr 2003

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Exposure of asphalt workers to bitumen fumes

Independent epidemiological study by IARC

01 Apr 2003

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Modelling the European refining industry

Focus on cost and CO2 emissions

01 Apr 2003

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Occupational exposures to gasoline vapour

Additional data collected and analysed

01 Apr 2003

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Oil in water analysis

What is being measured?

01 Apr 2003

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Sulphur-free fuels are on the way

Which advanced vehicle technologies are emerging?

01 Apr 2003

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Regulations to control emissions and fuel implications

NEVILLE D. THOMPSON, JEAN FRANCOIS LARIVECONCAWE, Brussels

28 Feb 2003

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6th CONCAWE pipeline seminar

COPEX 2002: a focus on pipeline management

01 Oct 2002

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AIRNET

A thematic network to interpret research into health effects from air pollution

01 Oct 2002

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Downstream oil industry safety statistics

2000 update

01 Oct 2002

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Future road transport and associated fuels

Will conventional fuels remain the dominant component of road fuels supply over the next two decades?

01 Oct 2002

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Refinery sulphur emission reductions reflect the different regional needs

SO2 emissions legislation and the north/south divide

01 Oct 2002

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The focus on aromatics in automotive fuels specifications

Can further reductions in aromatic hydrocarbons be environmentally justified?

01 Oct 2002

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Biofuels

What are the real savings?

01 Apr 2002

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Emissions from modern diesel engines

How important are diesel fuel properties other than sulphur?

01 Apr 2002

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Non-road diesel

Status and possible developments

01 Apr 2002

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SO2 emissions from ships in Europe

Can restrictions in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic be environmentally justified?

01 Apr 2002

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The refinery BAT reference document

An important document with a potential for misuse

01 Apr 2002

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Western European oil pipelines

30 years of spillage performance monitoring

01 Apr 2002

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CEC reorganization

Additional role for CONCAWE

01 Oct 2001

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Future EU air legislation

Target or technology driven?

01 Oct 2001

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Hydrogen

A CO2-free fuel?

01 Oct 2001

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The potential of Whole Effluent Assessment

01 Oct 2001

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The revised Large Combustion Plant Directive

A major challenge

01 Oct 2001

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Air quality trends in London confirm predictions

01 Apr 2001

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Automotive emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

01 Apr 2001

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Could tougher specifications affect diesel supply?

01 Apr 2001

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Dangerous Preparations Directive

01 Apr 2001

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Hearing trends in noiseexposed oil refinery workers

01 Apr 2001

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Integrity of oil pipelines in Western Europe

01 Apr 2001

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Keeping abreast of emission regulations and fuel specifications

01 Apr 2001

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Aquatic toxicity testing for petroleum substances

01 Oct 2000

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Automotive particulate emissions

Growing knowledge in a complex area

01 Oct 2000

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Emission control at marine terminals

Results of recent CONCAWE studies

01 Oct 2000

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Is a 10-ppm sulphur limit on road fuels desirable?

01 Oct 2000

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Regional ozone in Europe

Would further VOC control measures be effective?

01 Oct 2000

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The legislative maze

In how many different ways are refineries to be controlled?

22 Apr 2000

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Carbon, sulphur and hydrogen in oil refineries

In order to meet new fuels specifications, refineries need to reduce carbon and sulphur contents of petroleum fuels and therefore use more hydrogen. The net result is an increase in global CO2 emissions.

01 Apr 2000

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Estimating the implications of road fuels quality changes on the EU refining industry

CONCAWE has developed the tools and techniques to guide oil refinery cost and CO2 emission studies.

01 Apr 2000

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European air quality: changing priorities

Some insights from the second European Auto/Oil Programme.

01 Apr 2000

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Global harmonized system of hazard communication for chemicals

Non-harmonized classification and labelling lists can be a nightmare when products are traded ‘out of region’.

01 Apr 2000

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MTBE in gasoline

MTBE faces a ban in the USA—can its use in Europe still be justified?

01 Apr 2000

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Personal exposure to air pollutants

There is increased complexity of personal exposures when compared with exposures to ambient outdoor air concentrations alone.

01 Apr 2000

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The impact of Auto/Oil I and II on refinery costs and global CO2 emissions.

The EU Commission’s independent consultants recently published their results on the consequences of Auto/Oil II in terms of refinery costs. In addition CONCAWE has estimated the associated changes in global CO2 emissions.

01 Apr 2000

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The Precautionary Principle

Dr J. Brandt and D.E. Martin, Concawe, Belgium, consider the role of the ‘Precautionary Principle’ in the balance between environmental needs and the demands of economics.

01 Apr 2000

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Health effects of ambient PM— an update

More research is needed to manage air quality effectively for PM.

22 Oct 1999

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Ambient particulate matter: sources and apportioning

Both current and predicted levels of PM emissions are subject to great uncertainty; hence the development of meaningful air quality strategies is complicated.

01 Oct 1999

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Exposure profiles

Publication of exposure profile for kerosines/jet fuels.

01 Oct 1999

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Fuels and engines need to be developed together

An essential, but difficult objective to meet.

01 Oct 1999

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Mobile phones

Are they a hazard to more than your sanity?

01 Oct 1999

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Particulates and policy— the role of models

Much work on the development of reliable models still needs to be done to address concerns over particulate emissions.

01 Oct 1999

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Assessing the monetary benefit of improving air quality

Can decision-makers trust these monetary benefit figures?

01 Apr 1999

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Best Available Techniques to reduce emissions from refineries

CONCAWE will play a full part in the development of the BAT reference document for refineries.

01 Apr 1999

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CONCAWE issues guidelines on gasoline volatility aspects for year 2000 EN 228 standard

CONCAWE studied the impact of environmental gasoline specifications and car parc change on hot weather driveability performance.

01 Apr 1999

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Developments related to the Existing Substances Regulation

There is much debate among Member States, the EU Commission, industry and NGOs at present regarding the future of chemicals control on existing substances in the European Community.

01 Apr 1999

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Energy use and CO2 emissions in refinery operations

Processing requirements increase while energy efficiency improves.

01 Apr 1999

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The Seveso 2 Directive

The Directive should by now have been implemented in Member States. It forms the subject of the recent CONCAWE report No. 7/98

01 Apr 1999

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What will European air quality be like in the future?

Decisions on legislation for the future need to be based on the situation then, not on what it is now.

01 Apr 1999

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Acidification strategy sensitivity analysis

Flexibility leads to similar overall environmental protection at lower cost.

01 Oct 1998

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Automotive polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)

A CONCAWE literature study reveals the need for much more work; 
CONCAWE will contribute.

01 Oct 1998

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Cost-effectiveness of marine vapour emissions control

CONCAWE updates its figures in the light of European and US experience.

01 Oct 1998

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Reclassification of petroleum substances

New data and new hazard criteria necessitate a report update, now also available on the Internet.

01 Oct 1998

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The ‘Precautionary Principle’

Application in a multi-issue world.

01 Oct 1998

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The hazards of static electricity

Static electricity has been known for many years to be able to ignite petroleum vapours. Nevertheless, accidents continue to happen. Why is this?

01 Oct 1998

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Automotive particulate matter

The ongoing search for basic knowledge

01 Apr 1998

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Cost-effectiveness of controls on sulphur emissions from ships

A review of CONCAWE data in the context of recent developments.

01 Apr 1998

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Critical loads and critical levels

CONCAWE supports the use of critical loads and critical levels in the assessment and management of athmospheric polluants, but believes that their implications must be understood.

01 Apr 1998

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An ozone abatement strategy for Europe?

Health protection should be the priority—but what are the real health benefits of costly proposals?

01 Oct 1997

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Modelling the dispersion of particulate matter in air

There are significant pressures for EU-wide modelling— but what are the current capabilities?

01 Oct 1997

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The challenges in automotive engineering

The dilemma

22 Apr 1997

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An introduction to particulate matter issues

Particulate matter : sources and presence in air.

01 Apr 1997

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APHEA – A pan-European study on the effect of air pollution

Analysis of reported data

01 Apr 1997

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Comparative severity of possible air quality limit values

A comparison between EU air quality data andpotential EU limit values.

01 Apr 1997

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Less oil in refinery effluents

A CONCAWE survey of European refineries has shown big reductions in the amount of oil discharged.

01 Apr 1997

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The European Union’s Acidification Strategy (I)

A potentially cost-effective option to reduce emissions in accordance with environmental requirements

01 Apr 1997

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The European Union’s Acidification Strategy (II)

Is it consistent with other envisaged EU legislationto control acidifying polluants?

01 Apr 1997

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