Report no. 8/05
The cost and CO2 emissions associated with the reduction of sulphur in EU road fuels have been evaluated using the CONCAWE EU refining model. The results are compared to those of a similar study carried out in 2000. In order to reduce sulphur in road fuels to less than 10 ppm, the EU refining industry is set to invest some 7 G€ while increasing its CO2 emissions by 7.3 to 9.2 Mt/a.This is in addition to about the same investment and CO2 emissions increase of13Mt/a to meet demand evolution.