CONCAWE first became involved with oil pipeline safety issues in the mid 1960s when it started collecting information and statistics on incidents and spills related to European cross-country oil pipelines. The first report was published in 1969 and an update report has been issued yearly since 1972.
A 30-year overview was also produced in 2002. During more than 30 years the fraction of the total pipeline network covered by the CONCAWE survey has increased, in particular through the incorporation of the NATO lines in 1988 and of the East German network in 1991. The statistics now cover virtually all cross-country oil pipelines in the EU and are being gradually extended to include the former Eastern block countries.