Evaluating energy pathways: from well to wheels

15 May 2014

Over the past decade, the JEC Research Consortium1 has been working together to better understand the complex issues associated with future vehicles and fuels. While some of this work has involved practical vehicle testing, much of the Consortium’s work has been on vehicle and fuel pathways in the European context, from a ‘well-to wheels’ (WTW) perspective. Other work that is also reported in this Review has focused on meeting future European requirements for renewable energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction through the use of biofuels in European market fuels.